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ATOO-C10 - Object-Oriented Programming in C# (VS2010)

This thorough and comprehensive five-day course is a practical introduction to programming in C#, utilizing the services provided by .NET. This course emphasizes the C# language. It is current to Visual Studio® 2010 and .NET 4.0, which introduces important new features such as dynamic data type, named and optional arguments, and the use of variance in generic interfaces. The new features are covered in a new chapter. A new supplement covers the fundamentals of Language Integrated Query (LINQ), which was introduced with .NET 3.5. This course is intended to be fully accessible to programmers who do not already have a strong background in object-oriented programming in C-like languages, such as C++ or Java™. It is ideal, for example, for Visual Basic® 6 or COBOL programmers who desire to learn C#. An important thrust of the course is to teach C# programming from an object-oriented perspective. It is often difficult for programmers trained originally in a procedural language to start “thinking in objects.” This course introduces object-oriented concepts early, and C# is developed in a way that leverages its object orientation. A case study is used to illustrate creating a complete system using C# and .NET. Besides supporting traditional object-oriented features, such as classes, inheritance, and polymorphism, C# introduces several additional features, such as properties, indexers, delegates, events, and interfaces that make C# a compelling language for developing object-oriented and component-based systems. This course provides thorough coverage of all these features. C# as a language is elegant and powerful. But to utilize its capabilities fully, you need to have a good understanding of how it works with the .NET Framework. The course explores several important interactions between C# and the .NET Framework, and it includes an introduction to major classes for collections, delegates, and events. It includes a succinct introduction to creating GUI programs using Windows Forms. The course concludes with a chapter covering the new features in C# 4.0.

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Prerequisites


The student should have programming experience in a high-level language.

Detailed Class Syllabus


Module 1: NET: What You Need to Know


Getting Started
.NET: What is Really Happening
.NET Programming in a Nutshell
Viewing the Assembly
Viewing Intermediate Language
Understanding .NET
Visual Studio 2010
Creating a Console Application
Adding a C# file
Using the Visual Studio Text Editor
IntelliSense
Build and Run the Project
Pausing the Output
Visual C# and GUI Programs
NET Documentation

Module 2: First C# Programs


Hello, World
Compiling, Running (Command Line)
Program Structure
Namepsaces
Variables
Expressions
Assignment
Calculations Using C#
More About Output in C#
Input in C#
More About Classes
InputWrapper Class
Echo Program
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Object-Oriented Programming in C# (VS 2010)
Using InputWrapper
Compiling Multiple Files
Multiple Files in Visual Studio
The .NET Framework

Module 3: Data Types in C#


Strong Typing
Typing in C#
Typing in C++
Typing in Visual Basic 6
C# Types
Integer Types
Integer Type Range
Integer Literals
Floating Point Types
Floating Point Literals
IEEE Standard for Floating Point
Decimal Type
Decimal Literals
Character Type
Character Literals
string
Escape Characters
Boolean Type
Implicit Conversions
Explicit Conversions
Nullable Types

Module 4: Operators and Expressions


Operator Cardinality
Arithmetic Operators
Multiplication
Division
Additive Operators
Increment and Decrement
Relational Operators
Conditional Logical Operators
Short-Circuit Evaluation
Ternary Conditional Operators
Bitwise Operators
Bitwise Logical Operators
Bitwise Shift Operators
Assignment Operators
Expressions
Precedence
Associativity
Checking

Module 5: Control Structures


If Test
Blocks
Loops
while Loop
do while Loops
for Loops
Arrays
foreach Loop
break
continue
goto
Structure Programming
Multiple Methods
switch
switch in C# and C/C++

Module 6: Object-Oriented Programming


Objects
Objects in the Real World
Object Models
Reusable Software Components
Objects in Software
State and Behavior
Abstraction
Encapsulation
Classes
Inheritance Concepts
Relationships among Classes
Polymorphism
Object-Oriented Analysis and Design
Use Cases
CRC Cards and UML

Module 7: Classes


Classes as Structure Data
Classes and Objects
References
Instantiating and Using an Object
Assigning Object References
Garbage Collection
Methods
Public and Private
Abstraction
Encapsulation
Initialization
Initialization with Constructors
Default Constructor
this
Static Fields and Methods
Static Methods
Static Constructor
Constant and Readonly Fields

Module 8: More about Types


Overview of Types in C#
Structures
Uninitialized Variables
Coping a Structure
Hotel.cs
HotelCopy.cs
Classes and Structs
Enumeration Types
Reference Types
Class Types object string
Arrays
Default Values
Boxing and Unboxing
Implicitly Types Variables

Module 9: Methods, Properties, and Operators


Static and Instance Methods
Method Parameters
No “Freestanding” Functions in C#
Classes with All Static Methods
Parameter Passing
Parameter Terminology
Value Parameters
Reference Parameters
Output Parameters
Structure Parameters
Class parameters
Method Overloading
Modifiers as Part of the Signature
Variable Length Parameter Lists
Properties
Auto-Implemented Properties
Operator Overloading
Operator Overloading in the Class Library

Module 10: Characters and Strings


Characters
Character Codes
ASCII and Unicode
Escape Sequences
Strings
String Class
String Literals and Initialization
Concatenation
Index
Relational Operators
String Equality
String Comparisons
String Input
String Methods and Properties
StringBuilder Class
StringBuilder Equality
Command Line Arguments
Command Line Arguments in the IDE
Command Loops
Splitting a String

Module 11: Arrays and Indexers


Arrays
One Dimensional Arrays
System.Array
Random Number Generation
Next Methods
Jagged Arrays
Rectangular Arrays
Arrays as Collections
Bank Case Study: Step 1
Account Class
Bank .Class
TestBank Class
Atm Class
Running the Case Study
Indexers
Using the Indexer

Module 12:Inheritance


Inheritance Fundamentals
Inheritance in C#
Root Class – object
Access Control
Public Class Accessibility
Internal Class Accessibility
Member Accessibility
Member Accessibility Qualifiers
Method Hiding
Method Hiding and Overriding
Initialization
Initialization Fundamentals
Default Constructor
Overloaded Constructors
Invoking Base Class Constructors
Bank Case Study: Step 2
Bank Case Study Analysis
Account
CheckingAccount
SavingsAccount
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Object-Oriented Programming in C# (VS 2010)
TestAccount
Running the Case Study

Module 13: Virtual Methods and Polymorphism


Introduction to Polymorphism
Abstract and Sealed Classes
Virtual Methods and Dynamic Binding
Type Conversions in Inheritance
Converting Down the Hierarchy
Converting Up the Hierarchy
Virtual Methods
Virtual Method Cost
Method overriding
The Fragile Base Class Problem
override Keyword
Polymorphism
Polymorphism Using “Type Tags”
Polymorphism Using Virtual
Abstract Classes
Sealed Classes
Heterogeneous Collections
Bank Case Study: Step 3
Case Study Classes
Run the Case Study
Account
CheckingAccount, SavingsAccount
Bank and Atm
TestBank

Module 14: Formatting and Conversion


Introduction to Formatting
ToString
ToString in Your Own Class
Using Placeholders
Format String
Controlling Width
Format String
Currency
String.Format
PadLeft and PadRight
Bank Case Study: Step 4
Type Conversions
Conversion of Built-In Types

Module 15: Exceptions


Introduction to Exceptions
Exception Fundamentals
.NET Exception Handling
Exception Flow of Control
Context and Stack Unwinding
System.Exception
User-Defined Exception Classes
Structure Exception Handling
Family Block
Bank Case Study: Step 5
Inner Exceptions
Checked Integer Arithmetic

Module 16: Interfaces


Interfaces in C#
Interface Inheritance
Programming with Interfaces
Implementing Interfaces
Using an Interface
Dynamic Use of Interfaces is Operator as Operator
Bank Case Study: Step 6
Common Interfaces in Case Study – IAccount
Apparent Redundancy
IStatement
IStatement Methods
IChecking
ISavings
The Implementation
SavingsAccount
The Client
Resolving Ambiguity
Access Modifier

Module 17: .NET Interfaces and Collections


Collections
Count and Capacity
foreach Loop
Array Notation
Adding to the List
Remove Method
RemoveAt Method
Collection Interfaces
IEnumerable and IEnumerator
ICollection
IList
A Collection of User-Defined Objects
Duplicate Objects
A Correction to AccountList (Step 1)
Bank Case Study: Step 7
Copy Semantics and ICloneable
Copy Semantics in C#
Shallow Copy and Deep Copy
Reference Copy
Memberwise Clone
Using ICloneable
Comparing Objects
Sorting an Array
Anatomy of Array.Sort
Using the is Operator
The Use of Dynamic Type Checking
Implementing IComparable
Running the Program
Complete Solution
Writing Generic Code
Using a Class of object
Generic Types
Generic Syntax in C#
Generic Client Code
System.Collections.Generic
Object Initializers
Collection Initializers
Anonymous Types

Module 18: Delegates and Events


Overview of Delegates and Events
Callbacks and Delegates
Usage of Delegates
Declaring a Delegate
Defining a Method
Creating a Delegate Object
Calling a Delegate
A Random Array
Anonymous Methods
Combining Delegate Objects
Account.cs
DelegateAcount.cs
Lambda Expressions
Named Method
Events
Events in C# and .NET

Module 19: Introduction to Windows Forms


Creating a Windows Forms App
Partial Classes
Windows Forms Event Handling
Add Events for a Control
Events Documentation
Closing a Form
ListBox Control

Module 20: New Features in C#


dynamic Type
dynamic versus object
Behavior of object
Behavior of dynamic
Names Arguments
Optional Arguments
Book Class
Using Optional Arguments
Automating Office with C# 4.0
Automating Excel
Automating Word
Variance in Generic Interfaces
Variance with IComparer
Interfaces with Variance Support